Shortly after graduating from university in 2009, my elder brother got a job in a telecommunication company as an assistant manager of the marketing department. He was very much happy with the job as it innately matched his skills and everything he had hoped for. In the meantime after facing a huge loss in business my father decided to take a break as my brother started contributing financially to our family. It was all going fine, but sadly, not for long. The melancholy descended upon us when the company, where my brother worked, started terminating some old employees. Ironically my brother was one of them who were sacked from the job. Although the company promised to pay salary of one month instantly, my brother had to wait for two months to get his due payments. It left a huge impact on him as well as our family. He was devastated economically and socially, and in stress to find a new job desperately. Our house rent was unpaid for several months and savings were nearing end. In short, it was a nightmarish time for us. Noteworthy, my brother is not the only example in this regard rather thousands of private service holders have to go through such traumatic situation as sudden termination is very common in the private sector in our country.
Job security or the lack of it is one of the largest realities today. In the past people were able to hold down a job for several decades. While the lucky government service holders could work for a long time with all the related perks, the scenario of private service holders was no different. During that time, if somebody changed their jobs, it was not because of some unforeseen or unfortunate circumstance rather they had received a much better opportunity. However, the situation is much different now. At present days when getting a job is harder, getting sacked from a job is easier than that. Consequently a person who has lost his/her job has to face unbearable pressure, both economically and socially.
The sacked employee has to go through a crisis moment to maintain family as well as social life properly. In our country, most of the lower and middle class families are solely dependent on monthly income of the breadwinner of the family to maintain the monthly expenses. Similarly almost all the nuclear families have only one or two earning members. So, when a person loses his job, it ultimately affects the lifestyle of the whole family. Sometimes the situation becomes so miserable that people find it hard to manage their regular meals. Ferdous Alamgir Molla (34) who is now doing micro-business after getting sacked from a private company shared his bitter experience in this way, “When I was fired from my first job, it pushed me into an unexpected crisis as my four-member family was totally dependent on me. Whereas, I barely had any savings to even bear my own expenses. I was unemployed for seven months. During that time my situation forced me to borrow money from my relatives. At one point, I broke down mentally and sent my wife to her maternal home. It was one of the most horrible moments in my life.” Although it may sound unpleasant, it is indeed true that our income has a correlation with our class status. When someone faces poverty, his or her class status automatically falls down. Thus the person has to struggle hard to cope with the new situation.
The insecurity in the private job not only affects the sufferers and his families rather it is creating a problem in the job market. Due to insecurity in private job people are rushing to public service which is considered the safest option for the future. For this reason people feel that a low-ranking public job is more lucrative than a high-ranking private job. In this regard, Iftahurul Islam, an employee of a private company, said, “I am the second among three siblings. I have been working in the private sector for the last six years. My elder brother also works in the private sector. We always have to go through a mental pressure due to the insecurity regarding our job. For this reason we want our youngest brother to be a public service holder. We don’t want our brother to face the same problem that we are facing now.” Many people actually think in the similar way. Thus on the one hand the number of applicants for government job is increasing, but on the other hand the number of unemployed youths is on the rise as the applicants keep trying for a government job till the last day of their age limit.
It is undeniable that an organization has the right to sack any of their employees for different reasons, but the situation of private job sector, the overall job market in a greater sense, would have been different if the private companies would follow the rules and regulations of International Labour Organization (ILO) properly for terminating employees. According to the Employment of Labour (Standing Orders) Act, 1965, for terminating the employment of a permanent worker by the employer, one hundred twenty-days' (four months) notice in the case of monthly rated workers and sixty days’ (two months) notice in the case of other workers, in writing, shall be given by the employer. In lieu of such notice wages for 120 days or sixty days may be paid to monthly-rated workers or other workers respectively. Moreover, provided that a worker having completed not less than one year of continuous service, so discharged, shall be paid by the employer compensation at the rate of thirty days wages for every completed year of service or for any part thereof in excess of six months, or gratuity, if any, whichever is higher. In our country most of the private companies do not follow these rules. Furthermore in many cases the terminated employee does not know about his rights as an employee, so they cannot take any step when he/she is terminated illegally from his/her job. And the most interesting part of the story is that the concerned authorities, Ministry of Labour and Employment to be particular, even do not take any action against the companies who are violating these rules.
Finally, there is no denying that someone’s productivity depends greatly on his/her mental peace. Now if an employee always suffers from an insecurity of losing the job, how will he/she concentrate on his/her works? So to get the best out of someone’s ability, all concerned authorities should create such an ambience where workers need not to think about the uncertainty of his future rather he/she can concentrate on his/her works properly with a view to yielding the best output for the respective office/organization.