Today’s children are the future leaders of the nation but Child victimisation is a serious concern in contemporary Bangladesh. According to the Bangladesh Child Act 2013 that defines child as “a person below the age of 18 years”. Rapid increasing rate in child victimisation in Bangladesh and other developing countries has become an alarming issue in the society. Children in Bangladesh are a very vulnerable group who become easily targeted. Child victimisation in Bangladesh has worsened with the passage of time.
Social security, child rights, etc. which are responsible in protecting children to avoid child victimisation must be properly implemented in Bangladesh. All rights are spelled out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Convention on the Rights of the Child deals with the special circumstances and needs of children and must be protected. Victimisation is the process, action and fact of being victimised or becoming a victim.We should add a separate chapter regarding the safe use of internet and therefore the danger of internet. If our children don’t grasp the safe use of internet they will face victimisation through the internet. We should know how our children are facing danger through the internet. Children create friendly relationships with unknown persons via social media. Someone sends pornography through the internet, step by step gradually they get hooked into a vicious cycle.
Generally, children spend time with their Facebook friends by texting, sharing personal image and video. However once their friendship is over the audio, video, image and screenshot are uploaded to the internet. Perverted persons collect the videos to sell in various websites. Children face cyber bullying. Varieties of incidents create danger for the children’s future. Child sexual exploitation is going on all over the society. As a result, children and their family lose social dignity and suffer psychologically, physically and economically.
However the fact is that parents aren’t aware of everything regarding their kids. Every day innumerable children lose their childhood due to sexual exploitation through the web. In several cases children can’t perceive and can’t tell the unendurable scenario that is going on with them, as a result sexually perverted persons remain hidden from the eyes of society and law. When children experience mental and physical harm due to some interaction process then it is defined as child victimisation.
The World Health Organization refers to child victimisation as child abuse and neglect, including all forms of physical and emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect, and exploitation that results in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, development or dignity. Within this broad definition, five subtypes can be distinguished - physical abuse; sexual abuse; neglect and negligent treatment; emotional abuse; and exploitation.
There are mainly two points of view responsible for the increasing number of child victimisation. Children become victims when they experience involuntary physical, sexual, or emotional injuries, loss, or death at the hands of another human being, or when they are threatened by such actions against themselves. Violence against children and youths has always occurred, but it has recently been subject to increased public attention.
Statistics also suggest an increase in the number of cases of child victimisation. This heightened attention is spawned by high-profile cases of abductions, sexual assault, child abuse, child trafficking and child homicide. Various immoral conducts of our society are exposed through the number of child victimisation and child homicide day by day.
Niloy Kumar Mustofi, studies Master of Law, State University of Bangladesh