The serving of jail terms by innocent Jaha Alam and Joj Mia poses questions about the standard procedure of verifying the identity of criminals. However, in both the cases, the problem was not merely the deficiency in identifying the accused. We can say that the real motive to shift the attention of people from the real culprits to those who are in no way involved in the crimes played a major role. These acts of forgery highlight the gross miscarriage of justice that takes place allegedly in connivance with a section of the dishonest members of the law enforcing agencies.
It is alleged that sometimes when police cannot be sure about who is involved in a crime include names of those in the case who remain far away from the criminal activity or the crime scene or are not connected to the crime at all. Sometimes locals misguide or influence police to implicate innocents in cases. Also, at times the influential also pursue innocents to act as a proxy for them in the court in exchange for money or other benefits. As a result, in many cases, guiltless persons are punished by the court.It is very easy to produce false witnesses to misguide the court in absence of a foolproof system of investigation and its application in identifying the real culprits. Wrong identification of litigants and witnesses can bring about a disastrous impact on the system of justice and thereby obstruct rule of law in society.
It is not acceptable that an innocent will languish in jail while the real perpetrator remains scot-free. This is contrary to the spirit of justice and the universal declaration of human rights. A society based on justice is a must for achieving the development benchmarks. For this, the authorities must make sure that no innocent person is punished due to wrong identification or mischievous activity by dishonest members of crime-busting agencies that can obstruct the enforcement of the rule of law.