SATKHIRA SADAR UPAZILA: (Satkhira district) area 400.82 sq km, located in between 22°37' and 22°50' North latitudes and in between 88°55' and 89°10' east longitudes. It is bounded by kalaroa upazila on the north, debhata and assasuni upazilas on the south, tala upazila on the east, west bengal state of India on the west.
Population Total 410355; male 211986, female 198369; Muslim 351303, Hindu 57340, Buddhist 854, Christian 39 and others 819.Water bodies Main rivers: ichamati, Betna, Kholpatua; Naokhali Canal and Labannabati Beel are notable.
Administration Satkhira Sadar Thana was turned into an upazila in 1984. Satkhira Municipality was formed in 1869. The main business centre of the town is Sultanpur Bazar (old name Pransayar Bazar).
Archaeological heritage and relics Sultanpur Shahi Mosque, Zamindar Bari Jami Mosque, Tomb of Maichampa at Labsa, Shahi Mosque and Hozrakhana at Baikari (1594), Tahsil Office and Sree Sree Jagannath Deva Mandir at Jhaudanga, Chhaigharia Jora Shiva Mandir, Satkhira Pancha Mandir (Annapurna Mandir, Kali Mandir, Shiva Mandir, Kal Bhairav Mandir and Radha-Govinda Mandir).
History of the War of Liberation On 26 March 1971 the Swadin Bangla Satra Sangram Parishad created resistance against the Pak army. On 18 April the freedom fighters captured money from the National Bank of Pakistan and deposited to the Indian Reserve Bank in favour of the Bangladesh Government in exile. On 20 April, the Pak army conducted mass killing at Jhaudanga on their entrance to Satkhira with military convoy. On 21 April, the Pak army killed more than two hundred people at the refugee camp at Satkhira Government High School and also at the nearby residences. An encounter was held on 29 April between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Bhomra in which four freedom fighters were killed and so were many Pak soldiers. On 17 July, the freedom fighters raided the Pak military camp at Baikari and killed 7 Pak soldiers.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site 3 (homestead of Dinesh Karmakar and the adjacent pond located on backside of the Satkhira Government School, Bankal and Gangni Bridges); memorial monument 1 (Satkhira sadar).
Religious institutions Mosque 396, temple 17, church 2, tomb 3. Noted religious institutions: Sultanpur Shahi Mosque, tomb of Maichampa, Old Satkhira Kali Mandir, Kal Bhairav Mandir at Brahma Rajpur.Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 50.67%; male 55.90%, female 45.09%. Educational institutions: college 11, primary teachers training institute 1, vocational training institute 1, private technical school 1, homeopathy college 1, law college 1, secondary school 72, primary school 288, kindergarten 11, madrasa 48. Noted educational institutions: Satkhira Government College, Satkhira Government Mohila College, Satkhira Day-Night College, Satkhira City College, Palli Mangal School and College, Satkhira Polytechnic Institute, Satkhira Prananath Secondary School (1846), Satkhira Government Boys' High School, Satkhira Government Girls' High School, Nabarun Girls' High School (1969), Polashpole Adarsha High School, Satkhira PNP Collegiate School (1846), GN Government Primary School (1818), Satkhira Alia Kamil Madrasa (1928), Ahsania Alim Madrasa, Jhaudanga Fazil Madrasa.
Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Kafela, Satkhira Chitra, Patradut; weekly: Dakhinayan, Satkhira Digest, Sahajatri, Ajker Satkhira; fortnightly: Annesan (defunct); monthly: Chharar Dak; quarterly: Ikkhan, Dakhiner Janala, Saumma;' defunct periodicals: Masjid (1917), Annandamaye (1926), Korak (1962). Besides, during the period from 1965 to 1999 about 300 little magazines were also published.