Matlab Dakshin Upazila (Chandpur district) area 131.69 sq km, located in between 23°15’ and 23°26’ north latitudes and in between 90°40’ and 90°50’ east longitudes. It is bounded by Matlab Uttar and Daudkandi upazilas of Comilla district on the north, Chandpur Sadar and Hajiganj upazilas on the south, Kachua upazila (Chandpur district) on the east and Matlab Uttar on the west.
Population Total 207611; male 102216, female 105395; Muslim 186506, Hindu 20660, Buddhist 68 and others 377. Water bodies Main river: Dhonagoda. Administration Matlab Thana, now an upazila, was formed in 1918. On 30 April 2000 Matlab upazila was divided into two such as Matlad Uttar and Matlab Dakshin upazilas.
Archaeological heritage and relics Neel Kuthi at Munsifdi and Baraduara at Kashimpur. Marks of the War of Liberation Sculpture 1. Religious institutions Mosque 265, temple 36. Noted religious institutions: Matlab Bazar Mosque, Narayanpur Bazar Mosque, Dhanarpar Mosque, Upadi Buddhist Math.
Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 42.4%; male 45.5%, female 39.4%. Educational institutions: college 4, secondary school 28, primary school 88, madrasa 16. Noted educational institutions: Matlab Degree College (1964), Boalia High School (1917), Matlabganj JB Pilot High School, Aushinpur High School, Boaliapur Girls’ High School, Narayanpur High School, Hazrat Shah Jalal High School, Payali KBM High School, Munshir Hat High School, Kachiara Girls’ High School, Naogaon High School, Kashimpur Purana High School, Kalikapur High School, Lamchari High School, Bahari High School, Matlab Ideal School.
Cultural organisations Library 2, theatre group 3, cinema hall 2, club 165. Main sources of income Agriculture 48.07%, non-agricultural labourer 2.02%, industry 0.84%, commerce 15.85%, transport and communication 2.19%, service 11.23%, construction 1.91%, religious service 0.32%, rent and remittance 3.78%’ and others 13.79%.
Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 67.86%, landless 32.14%; agricultural landowner: urban 53.28% and rural 73.65%. Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, jute, sugarcane, mustard seeds and linseed. Exrinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame.
Main fruits Mango, blackberry, jackfruit, guava, coconut, papaya, jamrul, amra and kamranga. Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 1940, dairy 11, poultry 16. Communication facilities Pucca road km, semi-pucca road 10, mud road 582; waterway 16 nautical miles. Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart.
Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, etc. Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 18, most noted of which are Narayanpur Hat, Nayergaon Hat, Munshir Hat, Matlabganj Bazar, Master Bazar and Arong Bazar. Main exports Potato, jute, fish. Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 29.42% (urban 42.19% and rural 24.35%) of the dwelling households have access to electricity. Sources of drinking water Tube-well 91.47%, tap 0.81%, pond 3.19% and others 4.53%. — Banglapedia