The National Education Policy 2010 was enacted almost five years ago. How successful has the policy 2010 become at the implementation level? Time has come to evaluate the policy outcome and its success. In this article focus has been given to pre-primary level education, primary education, adult education and secondary level education. One of my articles published in this newspaper titled “National Education Policy 2010 and Higher Education in Bangladesh” on 5th March, 2017. This writing focused mostly on different aspects of higher education in the country.
The aims and objectives of National Education Policy 2010 were many. Among them spreading ICT education was one of the main aims. The government has become successful in implementation of ICT education from secondary level to higher secondary level of education. To ensure proper quality education at each level was another aim of this policy. Ensuring quality education is also the fourth Sustainable Development Goal of United Nation. The government is yet struggling to ensure quality education at each level of education.
The National Education Policy 2010 was enacted for further development of our education sector. This education policy is the first ever since the independence of Bangladesh. But the policy cannot gain complete success at the implementation level.
Source: National Education Policy 2010
This Policy incorporated the provision of 8 year long primary education by 2018 in phases. It is 2017 but the government failed to take adequate measures in ensuring infrastructural developments and recruitment of adequate number of qualified teachers for starting the eight year long primary educations. But this policy said that class VI, VII and VIII will be included in primary education from 2011-12 Fiscal Years. Another provision was the teacher students ratio will be 1:30 in primary level education. It is yet to come into reality.
The most laudable initiative by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina is the stipend distribution among 1 crore 30 lakh mothers of primary students through mobile banking in 1st March, 2017. The problems of classroom crisis and inadequate number of teachers should be addressed in the coming days.
A great progress has been made in reducing school drop-out rate. The aim of reducing drop-out rate was by 2018. When this policy was enacted the drop-out rate was 50% before the completion of class V. And of the rest, about 40% leave the school before completing class X. But at present the school drop-out rate at primary level is lower than before. And currently the drop-out rate at primary education is only 20%.
The aim of Adult and Non-Formal education was to make the country literate by 2014. The literacy rate was only 49% then. In 2017, the literacy rate is still 70%. About 30% of the people are illiterate according to government sources. The Primary and Mass education Ministry should give more emphasis on gaining 100% literacy rate.
One of the strategies of adult education was to involve educated individuals of the locality and students of colleges and universities during their vacation. This strategy will be very helpful in achieving 100% literacy rate if the government can involve students in adult education.
Like primary education the government planned to expand secondary level education from class X to Class XI and class XII. But this plan is yet to come into reality for lack of proper implementation of the policy. A post of librarian has been created from the incorporation of this policy in every secondary school. The aim of teacher-student ratio was 1:30 by 2018. But this aim is also yet to meet.
The government should recruit new competent, talented and skilled teachers in the vacant posts to reach the aforementioned teacher-student ratio both in primary and secondary level education. The quality of education should be enhanced from the pre-primary education to higher education. All necessary steps should be taken to implement the policy properly. When this policy will be implemented properly and completely, the countrymen can reap the benefit of this policy.
Md.Selim Reza, Jahangirnagar University