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Protein restriction help to reduce obesity, diabetes: Study

  • Sun Online Desk
  • 21st September, 2022 04:54:39 PM
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Reducing protein consumption can help regulate metabolic syndrome and some of its key symptoms, such as obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure (hypertension).

Rafael Ferraz-Bannitz is the first author of the article and currently he is searving as a postdoctoral researcher at the Joslin Diabetes Center in Harvard Medical School in the United States, Hindustan Times reported.

Controlled diet

In the study, 21 volunteers with metabolic syndrome were analyzed for a period of 27 days during which their diet was monitored.

Each volunteer's daily calorie intake was calculated as a function of baseline metabolism (energy expenditure at rest). One group was fed what the authors call a standard Western diet (50% carbohydrate, 20% protein and 30% fat) but with 25% fewer calories.

For the second group, protein intake was reduced to 10%. Calorie intake was tailored to each volunteer's baseline energy expenditure. Both groups consumed 4 g of salt per day.

The results showed that both the calorie and protein restriction groups lost weight owing to a decrease in body fat and that the symptoms of metabolic syndrome improved. Decreased body fat is known to be associated with reduced blood sugar and more normal levels of lipids and blood pressure.

"After 27 days of monitoring, both groups had similar results in terms of lower blood sugar, weight loss, controlled blood pressure, and lower levels of triglycerides, cholesterol, improved insulin and body fat decreased without loss of muscle mass," said Maria Cristina Foss de Freitas, last author of the article and a professor at FMRP-USP.