Bangladesh has witnessed a major demographic shift since record-keeping began in the country, with females outnumbering males for the first time in a population census.
Of a total population of around 16.5 crore recorded in the latest census, 81,712,824 are males and 83,347,206 females -- which means that for every 100 females, there are 99 males. The third transgender count, on the other hand, is 12,629.
The provisional data of the '6th Population and Housing Census 2022' was revealed by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) at a presser at Bangabandhu International Conference Center in Dhaka on Wednesday.
The Census was supposed to end on June 21 but due to floods in the north-eastern districts, it continued till June 28.
Except Muslims, the population of other religious communities has decreased in the country, according to the preliminary report of the Census that has pegged the country's exact population figure at 165,158,616.
While Muslims constitute 91% of the population, Hindus are 7.95% -- a decrease from the 2011 census when it was pegged at 8.54%. The Buddhist population has also decreased to 0.61% in 2022 from 0.62% in 2011.
Jatiya Sangsad's speaker Shirin Sharmin Chowdhury, Planning Minister MA Mannan, State Minister for Public Administration Farhad Hossain and State Minister for Planning Shamsul Alam were present on the occasion.
The signature (people able to write) rate population has increased to 74.66% from the previous census figure of 51.77%.
Similarly, 55.89% of mobile phone users are aged over five years. The number of internet users is 30.68% of the total population.
Now, the total number of restaurants in the country is 4.10 crore. In the last census, it was 3.21 crore. The number of families -- with four members -- is now 4.10 crore.