British composer Monty Norman, best known for writing the iconic theme music for the James Bond films, died on Monday at the age of 94, his official website announced.
"It is with sadness we share the news that Monty Norman died on 11th July 2022 after a short illness," read the statement.
He began his singing career with big bands before turning to composing, penning songs for musicals and films including "Songbook" and "Poppy and Make Me An Offer" and for pop stars such as Cliff Richard.
His best-known work came when he was asked to score the first James Bond film, "Dr. No", in 1962, although the producers drafted in John Barry to rearrange the piece.
Barry said he had actually written the piece, but Norman won a libel case against the Sunday Times when it made similar claims.
The theme became an integral part of the Bond brand, featuring in 24 subsequent films.
Norman told his official website that his introduction to music was through the son and daughter of his parents' landlady, who played the popular songs of the pre-war era, before the arrival of rock'n'roll.
His mother bought him his own guitar when he was 16.
"I've still got that guitar -- a 1930s Gibson. I never use it, but I keep it as a talisman," he said.
He later joined the Army Cadets, where he got used to performing for a crowd.
He also learned guitar from noted instructor Bert Weedon, whose tuition books were cited by Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Eric Clapton and Mark Knopfler.
- Major hits -
Norman then did radio broadcasts with jazz bands before becoming a solo artist and singing in weekly variety concerts, broadcasts and television shows.
He worked with the country's top comedians, including Benny Hill, Peter Sellers and Spike Milligan, but then decided to concentrate on writing.
"I had started to write songs and when one of them, 'False Hearted Lover', became reasonably successful I decided I would like to continue in that direction.
"Within a year we had two major hits in the West End with 'Irma La Douce' and 'Expresso Bongo'."
Irma La Douce was successful in both London and Broadway, being nominated for seven Tony Awards.
Another of his shows about the infamous murderer Dr Crippen ran for only six weeks but one of its backers, Cubby Broccoli, said he would like to work with Norman in the future.
After buying the rights to Ian Fleming's James Bond, Broccoli asked Norman to work on the score for the film version of "Dr. No".