An investigation based on one of the biggest ever leaks of financial documents on Sunday exposed a hidden world of shielded wealth belonging to hundreds of politicians and billionaires.
One of the largest ever global media investigations, the "Pandora Papers" involved more than 600 journalists who together analyzed some 11.9 million documents from financial services companies around the world.
Here are some key revelations:
- King of Jordan's property empire -
The files show King Abdullah II, who has faced angry protests against austerity measures in recent years, created a network of offshore companies and tax havens to amass a $100 million property empire between 2003 and 2017, including 15 homes from Malibu, California to Washington and London.
The Jordanian embassy in Washington declined to comment, but the BBC cited lawyers for the king saying all the properties were bought with personal wealth, and that it was common practice for high profile individuals to purchase properties via offshore companies for privacy and security reasons.
- 11-year-old property owner -
The central London property was purchased in 2009 by a front company owned by a family friend of the Central Asian state's president before it was transferred to his son, the BBC reported.
- Czech premier's chateau looms over election -
According to the documents, Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis failed to declare an offshore investment company used to purchase a chateau worth $22 million in the south of France.
The premier is facing an election later this week and hit out at the revelations as "trying to tarnish my reputation and affect the Czech general election," saying in an interview with Czech news agency CTK that "it is clear that I didn't do anything illegal or wrong."
- Kenyan president's offshore network -
The investigation says Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta -- -- who has campaigned against corruption and for financial transparency -- is accused along with six family members to secretly own a network of 11 offshore companies, one of which was valued as holding assets of $30 million.
- Pakistan premier's inner circle -
Members of Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan's inner circle, including cabinet ministers and their families, were found to secretly own companies and trusts holding millions of dollars.
Khan himself welcomed the findings on Twitter, saying they exposed "the ill-gotten wealth of elites, accumulated through tax evasion & corruption & laundered out to financial 'havens'" and promised to investigate any wrongdoing.
- Links to Russia -
While Russian President Vladimir Putin is not directly named in the files, he is linked via associates to secret assets in Monaco -- notably a waterfront home acquired by a Russian woman who is believed to have had a child with Putin, The Washington Post reports.
Separately, the documents appear to show that the law firm of President Nicos Anastasiades of Cyprus concealed the identity of the owner of several offshore companies: a former Russian politician accused of embezzlement. The firm denies the accusations, the BBC said.
- Ukrainian president's transfer -
According to the findings, just before he was elected as Ukraine's president in 2019, Volodymyr Zelensky transferred his stake in a secret offshore company.
- Blair's building -
Previously an outspoken critic of tax loopholes, former British prime minister Tony Blair and his wife were found to have purchased an $8.8-million building in London in 2017 by buying the British Virgin Islands company that owned it.
As per British law, by doing so they avoided paying hundreds of thousands of dollars in taxes.
The BBC noted there was no indication the Blair's were hiding their wealth, and Cherie Blair said the couple had brought the property back under British rules.
- Shakira, Schiffer and Tendulkar -
Alongside the politicians, the public figures linked to offshore assets also included the Colombian singer Shakira, the German supermodel Claudia Schiffer and the Indian cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar.
Lawyers for all three told the ICIJ the investments were legitimate and denied any suggestion of tax avoidance.