Tuesday, 26 October, 2021

Patients with cardiovascular disease on rise in country

Patients with cardiovascular disease on rise in country

Doctors advised to-

# Maintain healthy lifestyle

# Avoid junk foods

# Avoid tobacco products

# Not to eat foods with harmful trans-fat

# Do regular physical activities

The number of patients suffering from heart disease has been increasing day by day in the country due to various reasons including unhealthy lifestyle, said experts.

They have also advised to maintain healthy lifestyle including avoiding junk foods, tobacco products and foods with harmful trans-fat and regular physical activities to prevent the cardiac problems.

“Number of heart patients has been increasing in the country. People have to maintain preventive measures like healthy diet, controlled hypertension and diabetes and physical activity in a bid to stop the premature death in the disease,” Prof Dr. Md. Robed Amin, Line Director (NCDC) of Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) told the Daily Sun.

He said the prevalence of heart disease was found among 4.5 percent adult of total population of the country. “Every year, around 3,70,000 people die of heart disease in Bangladesh,” he added.

Robed Amin said the government has already set up specialized hospital in the capital and is working to set up more specialized hospitals in divisional headquarters to ensure proper treatment for the heart patients of the country. “The government medical colleges also provide treatment to people,” he added.

The DGHS official also advised people to avoid sugar, salt, foods with tans-fat, fast food, smoking and foods with trans-fat to prevent the cardiovascular diseases.

Visiting National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), it was seen that the hospital was overloaded with patients as a number of patients were admitted at its indoor, beyond the capacity of the hospital and long queues were also seen in its outdoor department to take the treatment.

“The number of heart patients has been increasing day by day. But except only heart transplantation, Bangladesh is now providing the world class treatment for heart patients,” Prof. Dr. Mir Jamal Uddin, Director and Professor of the NICVD said.

He said on an average around 1,200 patients have been rushing to the outdoor of the NICVD everyday to take treatment while around 1,000 patients were admitted to the 750-bed hospital on Wednesday.

Mir Jamal Uddin, country’s notable cardiologist said unhealthy diet, taking tobacco products including smoking and physical inactivity of people are the main reasons behind the heart disease. “The uncontrolled hypertension and diabetes also cause the deadly disease,” he added.

Talking to Daily Sun, Dr. S M Mustafa Zaman, Professor of Department of Cardiology of the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) said according to World Heart Federation, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is world's number one killer, causing 18.6 million deaths every year.

“It is number one killer disease. The cardiovascular disease prevalence is 17 times higher in Bangladesh than other countries. Around 73 percent of total deaths are caused by NCDs (Non Communicable Disease) in Bangladesh while 36 percent of them die in only cardiovascular disease here,” he added.

According to World Health Organisation (WHO), cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death globally. An estimated 17.9 million people died from CVDs in 2019, representing 32% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85% were due to heart attack and stroke.

Most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by addressing behavioural risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol, it added.

The World Heart Day was celebrated across the world including in Bangladesh on September 29 with various programmes with a view to raising awareness about cardiovascular diseases. This year's campaign theme is "Use Heart to Connect" which focuses on an urgent need to find various and innovative ways to connect people to heart health, mainly in lower resource areas and communities.

The goal of World Heart Day 2021 is to harness the power of digital health to raise awareness, prevention, and management of cardiovascular disease worldwide.

In order to reduce risks of heart diseases in Bangladesh, PROGGA (Knowledge for Progress) urges to speedily enact and implement policies following WHO guidelines of limiting trans-fat to 2 per cent of total fat in all fats, oils, and foods.

Marking the day, speaking at a webinar of the National Heart Foundation of Bangladesh on Wednesday, Md. Lokman Hossain Miah, Senior Secretary at the Health Services Division of health and family welfare ministry said at the initial stage, state-of-the-art treatment of heart disease has to be ensured in eight divisional cities of the country. Then gradually it has to reach the district level.

National Professor Abdul Malik viewed that if the country can utilize countrywide community clinics properly all sorts of diseases including heart disease can be prevented and treated in grassroots level.

Health ministry sources said the government has formulated an action plan from 2018 to 2025 to prevent non-communicable diseases including heart disease in Bangladesh.