• Post-Brexit Britain taking a more ambitious, generous, and pro-growth approach to trading with developing nations
• The proposed new UK Developing Countries Trading Scheme aims to grow trade with lower income nations, supporting jobs and growth across the globe
The UK Government had launched a consultation on new trading rules that will help countries out of poverty – and help British businesses and consumers at the same time.
The UK Developing Countries Trading Scheme (DCTS) is a major opportunity to grow free and fair trade with developing nations, said the British High Commission in Dhaka on Tuesday (July 20).
The UK currently operates a similar scheme rolled over from the EU, but as an independent trading nation can now take a simpler, more generous, pro-growth approach to trading with developing countries.
The proposed new UK scheme will mean more opportunity and less bureaucracy for developing countries, for example by simplifying rules of origin requirements or reducing tariffs on imports.
For instance, this could mean lowering tariffs on products including rice from Pakistan and trainers from Nigeria.
International Trade Secretary Liz Truss said: “Trade fundamentally empowers people and has done more than any single policy in history to lift millions of people around the world out of poverty.
“Now the UK is an independent trading nation we have a huge opportunity do things differently, taking a more liberal, pro-trade approach that leads to growth and opportunity.
“Countries like Bangladesh and Vietnam have proven it’s possible to trade your way to better living standards, and our new Developing Countries Trading Scheme will help others do the same.”
Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab said: “Cutting tariffs for poorer countries enables them to trade their way to genuine independence – and I’m proud we lead the world in offering that opportunity.”
Javed Patel, Acting British High Commissioner in Bangladesh added: “The proposed DCTS scheme signals the UK’s appetite to promote global free, competitive, and fair trade, as well as demonstrating our commitment to Bangladesh, by enabling Bangladeshi businesses to access the UK market more easily. Bilateral trade between the UK and Bangladesh stands at almost £4billion and there is room for growth.
“I encourage businesses here in Bangladesh to contribute to this important consultation through their trade bodies”.
Bangladesh and Vietnam have demonstrated that increasing trade through schemes like the UK’s DCTS helped them grow their economy, improve living standards, and drive down poverty.
Vietnam’s exports to the UK more than tripled between 2009 and 2019.
Over this period, the country achieved an average growth rate of more than 6%, while poverty rates plummeted from more than 20% in 2010 to an estimated 5.9% in 2020.
UK total imports from Bangladesh more than doubled between 2009 and 2019, during which time the country achieved an average growth rate of 6.6%. Extreme poverty rates more than halved from 1991 to 2016/17.
The UK Government intends its new scheme to be best in class, and has studied programs in Canada, the US, Japan and the EU, before constructing an approach that takes some of the strongest elements of each and builds on them.
The consultation on the UK’s new scheme runs for eight weeks and seeks the view of all sectors of society, including businesses, the public, civil society groups, consumers, associations, partner governments and any other interested stakeholders.
Views will also be sought from businesses and stakeholders with an interest across the globe.
The UK Developing Countries Trading Scheme will apply to 47 countries in the Least Developed Country Framework (LDCF) and 23 additional countries classified by the World Bank as low-income and lower-middle-income countries.
Other low-income and lower-middle-income countries are not included in the scheme because they benefit from preferential terms offered by free trade agreements with the UK.• Bangladesh and Vietnam reported changes in poverty are based on the international poverty line of $1.90 and $3.20 respectively per person, per day in 2011 Purchasing Power Parity dollars.
• Growth in exports to the UK reported for Bangladesh and Vietnam are in nominal terms.
• Responses to the consultation can be given via this link until the closing date of 12 September.
• Sources of statistics: ONS UK trade in goods and services, non-seasonally adjusted, Q4 2020; World Bank World Development Indicators, May 2021; World Bank Macro Poverty Outlook: April 2021; World Bank “Bangladesh: Reducing Poverty and Sharing Prosperity” (published 2018).
The consultation will offer respondents the opportunity to provide views on:
• Simplifying rules of origin requirements for least developed countries;
• Reducing tariffs for low income and lower middle-income countries;
• Amendments to the approach to goods graduation, which suspends preferential rates on particular goods from certain countries on the basis of their competitiveness;
• Amendments to the conditions and reporting requirements that enable a low-income or lower-middle-income country to benefit from more generous provisions through the values-based incentivised arrangement;
• and simplifying the conditions that could lead to variation or suspension of preferences for any beneficiary country