Friday, 7 October, 2022

China building another enclave in Sri Lanka: Colombo Port City

  • Sun Online Desk
  • 19th July, 2021 05:03:19 PM
  • Print news

COLOMBO: China is building but another enclave in Sri Lanka, Colombo Port City (CPC), elevating considerations not solely about its impression on native livelihood and conventional methods of being however even on the atmosphere and the sovereign standing of the land that may represent the City.

As per International Forum for Rights and Security (IFFRAS), China appears to have discovered its gateway to the Indian Subcontinent in the island nation of Sri Lanka, barely just a few hundred kilometres from India’s southernmost tip.

CPC is being constructed by reclaiming a number of hectares of land from the Indian Ocean to provide China a strategic edge as a part of its a lot talked about Maritime Silk Road.

This would additionally give impetus to Beijing’s wolf-warrior diplomacy centred Belt and Road Initiative, results of which the world has already witnessed when Sri Lanka was pressured at hand over its Hambantota Port to China on a 99-year lease as a part of a controversial debt-swap association.

By aggressively creating naval ports in the Indian Ocean area, it’s believed that the Chinese are executing their string of pearls coverage which goals to encircle potential rival nations akin to India and dominate the commerce routes involving the excessive seas as a part of their quest for financial and thereby political supremacy, reported IFFRAS.

On May twentieth, 2021 the Parliament of Sri Lanka handed the Colombo Port City Economic Commission Bill that lays out the governance and administrative framework for the CPC which makes it operate like a Chinese sovereign territory impartial of the Sri Lankan authorized setup.
As a part of the venture, the 269 hectares of land which is being reclaimed from the ocean shall be annexed to town of Colombo to kind the nation’s first particular financial zone (SEZ) for service-oriented industries.

CPC is by far Sri Lanka’s greatest overseas direct funding venture value about USD 1.4 billion, anticipated to additional spur a USD 13 billion in secondary funding.

Currently, CPC is a joint venture between China Communications Construction Company Ltd and the Sri Lankan Port Authority.

The venture was launched in September 2014, when the Chinese President Xi Jinping landed in Colombo to satisfy the dream of Mahinda Rajapaksa, the then Prime Minister of Sri Lanka.

It is broadly recognized that the Rajapaksa brothers, Prime Minister Mahinda, and President Gotabaya, have had a particular relationship with China for greater than a decade significantly after Beijing helped Sri Lanka with arms and ammunition throughout the civil battle that ended in 2009.

Such has been the affiliation between the Rajapaksa household and the Chinese that in June 2018, a New York Times (NYT) report alleged that the Chinese had paid the Rajapaksas substantial sums to see the CPC venture via. The NYT additionally disclosed {that a} Chinese agency had financed the brothers’ marketing campaign throughout the nation’s 2015 parliamentary elections, reported IFFRAS.

Though the venture was launched in 2014, it was delayed inflicting each day losses of $380,000. This didn’t deter the Chinese as they very cleverly managed to amass further land in compensation from the Lankans.

Moreover, as soon as, the Rajapaksa authorities got here again to energy in 2019, work on the venture started at an expedited tempo. Tens of Sri Lankan ships sponsored by China are working time beyond regulation to dread sand from the underside of the Indian Ocean to develop this space of 269 hectares.

Out of this, solely 125 hectares of land shall be taken by the Sri Lankan Government, about 88 hectares is being given to China on a 99 12 months Lease plus the Chinese have been provided a free maintain on extra 20 hectares of land. This successfully signifies that Sri Lanka has bought its land and treasured sources to China in the hope of searching for some financial advantages and improvement, reported IFFRAS.

With options that seemingly compromise the island nation’s sovereignty and free will, the CPC Bill has been vehemently opposed by totally different political events, civil society teams and the general public at giant.


The Bill additionally gives overarching powers to the Commission to behave impartial of the nation’s legal guidelines and permits overseas traders unbridled management over the native sources; in the method fully bypassing native legal guidelines.

Experts in truth, state that the Chinese do not need an curiosity in establishing any type of partnership with Sri Lanka, as a substitute, all they want is a strategic abroad province. They appear to have already achieved their targets, first with the Hambantota Port and now with the CPC.

The CPC associated Bill additionally empowers the President of Sri Lanka to determine a seven-member Commission to manipulate the Port City. Though overtly the train could seem honest, in actuality the Commission has been bestowed with supreme powers over the province, together with management of taxation, approval of latest tasks, investments and the suitable for corporations to commerce in their very own currencies in the SEZ.

The Commission would even have overseas board members (say, Chinese) who would support in the choice making course of which is able to successfully introduce the Chinese undemocratic method of utilizing pressure and strain to have one’s method throughout the system in the absence of any elected consultant, reported IFFRAS.

Besides, the individuals of Sri Lanka have additionally raised different points associated to the CPC. The first dimension is social because the invoice brings in discrimination whereby excessive finish residences, malls, luxurious amenities shall all be prolonged with concessions to foreigners and the locals shall be alienated in their very own land.

The second dimension is financial whereby the advantages which are prone to accrue from the SEZ shall be principally brief time period and restricted, given the unfair clauses and phrases & situations of engagement between the Sri Lankans and the Chinese.

The third dimension is developmental whereby it’s felt that the character of jobs generated shall be in the development sector or in the hospitality sector with locals working in the decrease rungs as employees at websites or as waiters and employees at malls, motels and so on.

There doesn’t appear to be any emphasis on creating abilities, including worth to employment technology that may be helpful to the island nation in the long run. Moreover, it’s feared that each one the above talked about components would really widen the hole between the wealthy and the poor, creating social inequalities and probably, anarchy.

It is pertinent to notice that Beijing’s actions are a part of an aggressive encirclement technique aimed to counter India’s strategic presence in the Indian subcontinent. More than half of the India’s container visitors passes via this area.

Once the venture is full, it could be an everyday affair to have Chinese ships buzzing in India’s yard thus posing a serious safety menace to the nation, reported IFFRAS.

Sri Lanka appears fully taken over by the Chinese juggernaut. It is more and more evident that China has emerged because the main influencer of this small island nation nearly with the only real intention of displacing India.


Source: Times of India