Vocational education, training address root causes of terrorism in Xinjiang

Md Enamul Hassan

21st August, 2019 07:12:38 printer

Vocational education, training  address root causes of terrorism in Xinjiang

Vocational education and training centers have been addressing the root causes of terrorism in Xinjiang, said a white paper issued by the State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China. 

The white paper recently issued in Beijing said Xinjiang is a key battlefield in the fight against terrorism and extremism in China. 

For some time Xinjiang has been plagued by terrorism and religious extremism, which pose a serious threat to the lives of the people in the region, it said. 

The document said addressing both the symptoms and root causes and integrating preventative measures and a forceful response, Xinjiang has established vocational education and training centers. 

The centers have been established in accordance with the law to prevent the breeding and spread of terrorism and religious extremism.

They have effectively been curbing the frequent terrorist incidents and protecting 

the rights to life, health, and development of the people of all ethnic groups and worthwhile results have been achieved.

The white paper further mentioned that faced with this severe and complex problem, Xinjiang has upheld the principle of addressing both the symptoms and root causes in its fight against terrorism and extremism, by striking hard at serious terrorist crimes, which are limited in number, and by educating and rehabilitating people influenced by religious extremism and involved in minor violations of the law.

In accordance with the law it has established a group of vocational centers to offer systematic education and training in response to a set of urgent needs.

The centers have been working to curb frequent terrorist incidents, to eradicate the breeding ground for religious extremism, to help trainees acquire a better education and vocational skills, find employment, and increase their incomes, and most of all, to safeguard social stability and long-term peace in Xinjiang.

Education and training in Xinjiang is practiced in line with the spirit and requirements of the rule of law in China. 

It also reflects the ideas and principles of counter-terrorism and deradicalization as practiced by the international community.

In order to effectively contain and systematically remedy the dissemination of religious extremism and frequent terrorist incidents, Xinjiang has set up vocational education and training centers in some prefectures and counties.

These centers are education and training institutions in nature. To meet the needs of fighting terrorism and extremism, these centers deliver a curriculum that includes standard spoken and written Chinese, understanding of the law, vocational skills, and deradicalization

To remedy the lack of occupational skills and employment difficulties, vocational skills training programs are provided.

 The education and training centers regard vocational skills as an important channel to improve the trainees’ employability.

Based on local demand and employment opportunities, the courses they present include garment making, food processing, assembly of electronic products, typesetting and printing, hairdressing and beauty services, e-commerce, auto maintenance and repair, interior design and decoration, livestock breeding, pomiculture, therapeutic massage, household services, handicrafts, flower arrangement, rug weaving, painting, and the performing arts such as music and dance.

Eligible trainees who are willing to learn are offered training in more than one skill to ensure they are employable in the job market upon completing their studies at the centers. 

The education and training centers combine course learning with practical training to improve the trainees’ operational skills.


Practical training is conducted in classes rather than through employment in factories or enterprises, or obligatory labor.

As trainees have fallen under the influence and control of religious extremism to a greater or lesser extent, the centers integrate deradicalization into the whole process of education and training.

Through step-by-step teaching of laws and regulations, policies on ethnic and religious affairs, and religious knowledge, and by exposing the damage caused by terrorism and religious extremism, the centers give trainees a full and accurate understanding of the national policy of freedom of religious belief. 

In order to rehabilitate the trainees, these courses teach the trainees to distinguish between lawful and unlawful religious activities, understand how religious extremism runs counter to religious doctrine, and realize the evil nature and serious harm of terrorism and religious extremism so that they can eventually break free from the influence and control of terrorism and religious extremism. 

Education and training at the centers never interferes in the trainees’ freedom of religious belief and the centers have never made any attempts to have the trainees change their religious beliefs.

The personal freedom of trainees at the education and training centers is protected in accordance with the law.

 The centers guarantee that trainees’ personal dignity is inviolable, and prevent any insult or abuse in any manner.

Education and training in Xinjiang has succeeded to an enormous extent in eliminating the soil and conditions in which terrorism and religious extremism breed, rehabilitating those who have committed unlawful or criminal acts, and protected basic civil rights. 


The number of people participating in education and training at the centers is not fixed; some are coming in while others are going out. 

However, as education and training has played its role, most trainees have reached the required standards and graduated.

Xinjiang still has much to do in the fight against terrorism and extremism, and improvements can be made in this regard.

 In the context of local conditions, and complying with the spirit of documents such as the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and the UN Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism, Xinjiang will put prevention first while taking resolute action against terrorism and extremism.

China will make unremitting efforts to improve vocational education and training, protect the people’s basic rights, and ensure long-term social stability and security in Xinjiang.