DO You Know?

13th March, 2019 09:16:54 printer

• The people of Pompeii did not know that Vesuvius was a volcano, as it hadn’t erupted in 1,800 years.

• It was estimated that just over 13% of the total population of Pompeii died in the initial blast.

• Pompeii was originally settled around the 7th century BC by the Oscan people who were descendants of the Neolithic inhabitants of Campania (the region of southern Italy). The port city was a prime location for trade as well as farming.

• The rich volcanic soil from earlier eruptions of Vesuvius created prime farmland for grapes and olive trees.

• Pompeii is so well preserved because the city was buried so quickly by volcanic ash and it now provides snapshots of past life in a Roman city.

• The Ancient city of Pompeii was not discovered until 1748, when workers stumbled upon it while building palace for King Charles III.

• Before the eruption there was not even a word for Volcano, which was created afterwards. Volcano is derived from the word Vulcan - the Roman God of Flame and Metal Forgery.

• The Ruins of Pompeii are visited by over 2.6 million people per year.

• The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD over the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum spewed 1.5 million tons of lava per second.

• In 1819, when King Francis I of Naples visited the Pompeii exhibition with his wife and daughter he was so embarrassed by the erotic artwork that he decided to have it locked away in a secret cabinet, accessible only to “people of mature age and respected morals.”