Conspiracy videos suggesting that the California wildfires were lit by government laser beams have clocked up millions of views on YouTube.
News site Motherboard found conspiracy theories and fake news topped search suggestions, when looking for clips of the California wildfires.
It said YouTube had "not adequately stopped these conspiracy theories from blossoming on its platform".
YouTube said it has made a long-term commitment to tackle misinformation.
At least 80 people have died in the fires which swept across the state of California in November. 500 people remain unaccounted for after the so-called Camp Fire destroyed the town of Paradise.
But YouTube has provided a "thriving" home for misinformation about the fires, Motherboard said.
It found people searching for the fire were recommended topics such as "conspiracy 2018", "directed energy weapon" and "laser beam".
Many of the conspiracy videos falsely suggest the fires were deliberately lit with plane-mounted laser weapons. They use manipulated or out-of-context images to back their arguments.
YouTube has been criticised for struggling to limit the spread of fake news and misinformation on the platform.
Its recommendations and search results are powered by algorithms that have been manipulated by video-makers to help their content go viral.
Critics have complained that YouTube's algorithms serve up progressively more sensationalist and reactionary content.
But YouTube told Motherboard it had a breaking news section on its homepage, which draws videos from reliable sources.
In a statement, YouTube said: "Over the last year we've worked to better surface credible news sources across our site for people searching for news-related topics."