Speakers at a programme said the government needs to adopt specific national regulatory framework structure considering the vulnerabilities and socio-economic situation of its population that may address the climate change loss and damage properly.
The structure on climate change will also help claim compensation in the international arena, they said.They were addressing a dialogue on Climate Change-Induced Disaster Loss and Damage at National Disaster Management Research and Training Centre (Department of Disaster Management) on Monday.
Policymakers, scientists and practitioners attended the event chaired by Abu Syed Mohammad Hashim, Director General of Department of Disaster Management.
In his speech, additional secretary of disaster management Satta Brata Shah said Bangladesh incurred a loss of five percent of GDP due to climate change.
Dr Salimul Huq, director of International Centre for Climate change, said it is vital to find specific loss and damage.
Tanjir Hossain, chief of climate change of ActionAid Bangladesh, said Bangladesh is widely recognised as a role model for addressing the consequences of disasters, in particular climate change-induced disasters like storms and cyclones and different types of floods.
Farah Kabir, country director of the ActionAid Bangladesh, said Bangladesh is widely affected due to climate change.Being proactive in addressing climate change, Bangladesh has taken several structural and non-structural initiatives including establishment of Cyclone Preparedness Programme, Climate Change Trust Fund and Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy Action Plan.
It has achieved significant success in reducing climatic disaster related casualties. In the process it went through a paradigm shift from post-disaster relief-based activities to cost-effective approach of pre-disaster mitigation and preparedness.
Although the country has robust legal policies and frameworks and systematized government structure, it battles with intense, frequent and uncertain disasters every year.
One of the aftermaths of these disasters is loss and damage, which is a harsh reality for Bangladesh today. However, with a pro-active mindset, the government has initiated several measures, including the drafting of the proposed National Mechanism on Climate Change Induced Disaster Loss and Damage.