Ishwardi Upazila (Pabna district) area 246.90 sq km, located in between 24°03 and 24°15 north latitudes and in between 89°00 and 89°11 east longitudes. It is bounded by Lalpur and Baraigram upazilas on the north, Kushtia Sadar and Mirpur (Kushtia) upazilas and the Ganges River on the south, Pabna Sadar and Atgharia upazilas on the east, Bheramara upazila and Ganges River on the west.
Population: Total 292938; male 152800, female 140138; Muslim 284043, Hindu 8372, Buddhist 473 and others 40. Water bodies main rivers: Padma (Ganges), Kamala; Pati Beel is notable. Administration Ishwardi Thana was formed in 1949 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983. Archaeological heritage and relics: Patirajpur Jami Mosque.
Historical events: On 29 March 1971, the Pak army killed five young men at village Madhabpur. An encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pak army was held at village Joynagar. On 14 December the Indian air forces bombarded on the Hardinge Bridge in which span No. 12 was broken and spans 9 and 15 were partially damaged.
Marks of the War of Liberation: Shaheed memorial monument (old bus terminal). Religious institutions: Mosque 210, temple 12, church 3, pagoda 1. Noted religious institutions: Ishwardi Central Jami Mosque, Mosjidul Fatah, Thakurbari Temple, Moubaria Temple.
Literacy rate and educational institutions; average literacy: 50.7%; male 52%, female 49.2%. Educational institutions: college 7, secondary school 51, textile vocational institute 1, agricultural diploma institute 1, primary school 91, community school 4, kindergarten 25, madrasa 18. Noted educational institutions are Ishwardi Government College (1963), Sara Marowari School and College (1917), Pakudria High School (1907), Ruppur Girls School (1918), Bangladesh Raiway Government Girls High School (1918), Ishwardi Girls High School (1929), Mobaram Memorial High School, Railway Nazim Uddin High School, Pakshi Chandraprobha High School, Majdia Islamia Senior Madrasa (1961).
Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Uttar Janata; weekly: Junction, Janadabi; quarterly: Agrani; periodicals: Ekusher Chetana, Ekush Amar Ekush.
Cultural organisations: Club 5, cultural group 7, sports association 108, women’s organisation 32, cinema hall 4, theatre stage 1, theatre group 2.
Tourist spots: Hardinge Bridge, Lalan Shah Setu (bridge), Agricultural Research Centre (one of the largest in Asia), Regional Agricultural Research Centre, Dal (pulsees) Research Centre, Silk Grannery, Sugarcane Research Centre (biggest in Asia and the only research centre in Bangladesh).
Main sources of income: Agriculture 33.63%, non-agricultural labourer 7.56%, industry 1.73%, commerce 20.90%, transport and communication 5.26%, service 13.86%, construction 3.17%, religious service 0.23%, rent and remittance 0.48% and others 13.18%.
Ownership of agricultural land: Landowner 42.96%, landless 57.04%; agricultural landowner: urban 28.56% and rural 50.03%.
Main crops: Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, betel leaf, potato, onion, vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops: Kaun, linseed, china, burley, arahar, guja, sweet potato, white mustard. Main fruits: Mango, jackfruit, litchi, papaya, lemon, plum, palm, wood apple. Fisheries, dairies and poultries: Fishery 12, dairy 170, poultry 28.
Communication facilities: Pucca road 200 km, mud road 710 km; waterway 17 nautical miles; railways 30 km; airport 1. Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport: Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage. Noted manufactories are Sugar mill, paper mill, spinning mill, cement factory, rice mill and steel mill. Cottage industries: Weaving, goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, jute made products, bamboo work, wood work. — Banglapedia