Stephen Rubin - who owns a majority stake in JD Sports - and his family have been named the UK's top taxpayers, according to the Sunday Times.
The newspaper is known for its Rich List of the UK's wealthiest people - but has now, for the first time, drawn up a list ranking tax contributions.
It estimated the tax due on business profits, share sales, dividends, house purchases and personal income.
Denise Coates, the Bet365 boss, and Sir James Dyson also make the top three.
As the largest taxpayers, Mr Rubin and his family will pay an estimated £181.6m in tax for the 2017/18 financial year - which works out at around £480,000 a day.
This includes £121.6m from his stake in JD Sports as well as £53.2m in corporation tax owed by the family's company, Pentland Group, and £6.9m on the dividends they were due.
Pentland Group employs more than 41,000 people and owns sports and fashion brands including Speedo, Ellesse and Berghaus.
Who are the UK's largest taxpayers?
Stephen Rubin and family, £181.6m. Majority stakeholder in JD Sports and owner of Pentland Group.
Denise, John and Peter Coates, £156m. Owners of gambling company Bet365.
Sir James Dyson and family, £127.8m. Vacuum cleaner and household appliance company.
Bruno Schroder and family, £114.3m. Investment management company.
Sir Jim Ratcliffe, £110.5m. Owner of Ineos chemicals company
The Weston family, £76m. Owners of retailers including Selfridges, Primark, Ryvita, Silver Spoon, Ovaltine and Twinings.
Sir Chris Hohn, £64.8m. Manager of TCI hedge fund.
Sir Peter Wood, £53.7m. Founder of esure insurance company.
James Benamor, £52.2m. Owner of Amigo Loans and Richmond Group moneylenders.
Baroness Howard de Walden and family, £44.1m. Property investors.
Denise Coates - the billionaire businesswoman and driving force behind online gambling company Bet365 - was ranked the second largest taxpayer, alongside her brother, John (joint chief executive) and father, Peter, (chairman).
They paid at least £156m in tax last year, the newspaper estimates, mainly as a result of Ms Coates' high salary - believed to be the UK's highest - which incurred £99m in tax.
Meanwhile, Sir James Dyson and his family - whose household appliance company announced last week it was relocating its head office to Singapore - are ranked third on the list, with tax liabilities estimated at £127.8m.
His company paid £95m in UK tax in 2017, and the family were liable to pay tax of £32.8m on the dividends.
Also on the list are the owner of Home Bargains, Tom Morris and his family (£39.2m); Sports Direct owner Mike Ashley (£30.4m); bakers the Warburton family (£14.5m); and David and Victoria Beckham in 49th place (£12.7m).
The Panama Papers and Paradise Papers - a leak of confidential documents revealing how the wealthy use tax havens - has led to a heightened interest in tax affairs.
According to the Sunday Times, the 50 entries paid nearly £2bn in UK tax last year. The newspaper said that, when calculating tax liability, it did not include tax paid overseas in its calculations.
It added that just 28 of the 145 billionaires and 18 of the 855 millionaires on last year's Sunday Times Rich List are featured in the tax list.
Corporation Tax: Paid at a rate of 19% on all company profits. The amount ascribed to individuals by the Sunday Times is in proportion to their stake in the business
Dividend Tax: Paid at a rate of 38.1 % for additional rate taxpayers (those earning more than £150,000 a year) on overall value of dividends received
Capital Gains Tax: Paid at 10% on sales of businesses or parts of businesses for those qualifying for Entrepreneurs' Relief
Income Tax: Paid at 45% on earnings above £150,000.