Professor Stephen Hawking
British theoretical physicist and author, who battled motor neurone disease to become one of the finest and most popular scientists of his generation.
"One, remember to look up at the stars and not down at your feet. Two, never give up work. Work gives you meaning and purpose and life is empty without it. Three, if you are lucky enough to find love, remember it is there and don't throw it away."
- Professor Stephen Hawking
Arguably Bollywood's first female superstar who appeared in 300 films in a career spanning 50 years. She was awarded India's fourth highest civilian honour the Padma Shri.
Known as the Queen of Soul, and an icon of the US civil rights movement, she possessed one of the most distinctive voices in popular music, embracing jazz, gospel, soul and rhythm and blues.
"Being a singer is a natural gift. It means I'm using to the highest degree possible the gift that God gave me to use. I'm happy with that."
- Aretha Franklin
American creator of comic book superheroes Spiderman, the Fantastic Four and the Hulk, who transformed comic book art into a multi-million dollar industry, spearheading what became known as the "Marvel age of comics".
"Every time I go to a comic book convention, at least one fan will ask me: 'What is the greatest superpower of all?' I always say that luck is the greatest superpower, because if you have good luck then everything goes your way."
- Stan Lee
Dame June Whitfield
Actor celebrated for her comic roles, June Whitfield was a regular fixture of British TV, radio and film. Often playing the female stooge to some of the UK's most famous entertainers, she called herself "a comic's tart". She starred in Hancock's Half Hour and Carry On films, but will perhaps be best remembered for the sitcoms Terry and June and Absolutely Fabulous.
"Thank you #damejunewhitfield for teaching me my craft with such grace and dignity. I always wanted you to know how in awe of you I was, however, you were always far too humble to accept my adoration. You were a great source of inspiration to me. Bye-bye Gran."
- Julia Sawalha, who played her granddaughter in Absolutely Fabulous, paying tribute on Twitter
Best known for playing Alice Tinker alongside Dawn French in the sitcom The Vicar of Dibley, for which she won the British Comedy Award for best TV actress.
"[A] very bright spark and the most loyal and loving friend anyone could wish for. I will miss her very much."
- Dawn French
Actor best known for playing Frank Pickle in the Vicar of Dibley sitcom. He appeared in a number of Carry On and Pink Panther films in a career spanning more than 60 years.
TV host and comedian who presented the darts-based gameshow Bullseye and was famous for catchprases including "Super, smashing, great" and "You can't beat a bit of Bully!"
Comedy actress whose career spanned 60 years. She was best known for her role as Blunderwoman, a sidekick to hapless superhero Cooperman in the 1980s TV programme The Russ Abbot Show.
One half of the Chuckle Brothers comedy duo who found fame on ITV talent show Opportunity Knocks in 1967. With his brother, Paul, he starred in the BBC programme ChuckleVision which ran for 21 series.
British stage film and television actress who played Sylvia Trench, the first "Bond girl", in Dr No.
Actor, the last surviving Munchkin, and possibly the last surviving cast member of the classic 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. He played the Lollipop Guild member who presented Dorothy with a large wooden lollipop.
Television presenter, who played the lovable and long-suffering upholder of peace on children's programme Rainbow from 1974-1992 - alongside characters Zippy, George and Bungle.
Stefan Karl Stefansson
Icelandic actor best known for his role as villain Robbie Rotten in the children's television programme LazyTown, who also had numerous roles in Icelandic TV drama and films.
Pioneering animator of children's programmes including Camberwick Green, Trumpton and Captain Pugwash. With his long-time collaborator, John Hardwick, he pioneered new animation techniques.
Co-creator of British children's television classics Bagpuss, Ivor the Engine, Noggin the Nog, The Clangers, Basil Brush and Pogles Wood - he helped lay the foundations of today's children's TV industry.
Author of 90 books for children, including Postman Pat and Rosie and Jim, which became worldwide successes when animated for television.
Singer, frontwoman of The Cranberries.
"In my opinion, what made Dolores connect with people was her honesty. What you saw was what you got. In the early days, the band was very shy - especially Dolores. She sang with her back to the audience but sang songs that people could relate to. There was no big act. I don't think people were used to this, and it seemed to resonate with them."
- The Cranberries guitarist Noel Hogan reflecting on his 29-year friendship with the singer in Rolling Stone magazine
Singer-songwriter and actor of French-Armenian descent. He sold more than 100 million records during his eight-decade career, writing over 1,200 songs - including the 1974 hit for which he was best known, She.
"They used to say: 'When you are as ugly as that and when you have a voice like that, you do not sing.' But Piaf used to tell me: 'You will be the greatest.'"
- Charles Aznavour
Spanish soprano known for her huge repertoire and bel canto technique, but best remembered for her duet with Freddie Mercury which became the signature song of the 1992 Barcelona Olympics.
"I sing from the heart. Singing from any other place is worthless."
- Montserrat Caballé
Founder member and bass guitarist with Scottish teen band Bay City Rollers, who sold 120 million records and conquered the UK, US, Australia and Japan in the 1970s with hits including Bye Bye Baby and Shang-a-Lang.
Tim Bergling, aka Avicii
Swedish musician, DJ, remixer and record producer who became one of the world's biggest dance music stars, with club anthems including Wake Me Up, Levels and Lonely Together with Rita Ora.
American rapper and music producer who had recently completed his fifth studio album, which was also his fifth consecutive US top 10 album. His work often confronted his personal history of substance abuse.
Founder-member of the Moody Blues. He played various instruments, but was best known as the group's flautist - performing a solo on their hit, Nights in White Satin.
Guitarist - the last remaining member of British heavy rock band Motorhead.
Bass guitar player with The Kinks for 18 years, he also played with Argent and The Zombies.
Part of British singing trio The Beverley Sisters, who had their own BBC TV show in the 1950s and whose hits included I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus and Sisters. Pictured with her twin, Teddie, and their elder sister, Joy.
Trumpeter and father of South African jazz whose music amplified his opposition to apartheid. Soweto Blues mourned the 1976 Soweto Riots, and Bring Him Back Home called for the release of Nelson Mandela.
American ballad singer with a faultless romantic style, whose version of On the Street Where You Live topped the UK charts in 1958.
British singer and songwriter in 1970s soul group The Real Thing, whose hit You To Me Are Everything made them the first all-black British band to have a UK number one.
Singer-songwriter and guitarist with influential punk band Buzzcocks, best known for their hit Ever Fallen in Love (With Someone You Shouldn't've).
Singer-songwriter who performed with her family in the gospel-soul group the Staple Singers, whose hits I'll Take You There and Let's Do It Again reached the top of the US charts.
Mark E Smith
Singer-songwriter and frontman of post-punk band The Fall, who famously hired and fired more than 60 band mates.
Irish lead singer with the band The Overtones, who specialise in doo-wop performances and have had four albums charting in the UK top 10.
Father of the musically-talented Jackson family - pictured centre. His single-mindedness in achieving fame for his children - including Michael, Janet and LaToya - often attracted controversy.
One half of duo Chas (l) and Dave, known for their rock and cockney style, they enjoyed fame in the 1970s and 1980s with hits such as Rabbit - which played on cockney rhyming slang "rabbit and pork", meaning "talk".
Singer and songwriter with the band Jefferson Airplane who helped create the San Francisco psychedelic rock revolution of the 1960s.
Sir Ken Dodd
An old-fashioned variety performer - one of the most popular UK artists of his time. He starred on TV, topped the music charts, and filled theatres across the country.
"Farewell to my fellow Liverpudlian the tattyfilarious Ken Dodd. Beloved by many people in Britain and a great champion of his home city and comedy. We met him on a few occasions as The Beatles and always ended up in tears of laughter. Today it's tears of sadness as well."
- Sir Paul McCartney
Actor and director who appeared in of hundreds of films, TV movies and series. His role in Deliverance made him a star, his big hit was Smokey and the Bandit, and Boogie Nights won him an Oscar nomination. His extravagant lifestyle also made the headlines.
- Burt Reynolds
Actress known as "England's first lady of the double entendre", vocally alluring, intelligent and funny, she played Shakespeare but is best remembered for her line in Carry on Screaming: "Do you mind if I smoke?"
"She was such a warm person with a unique presence and a remarkable story to tell. It was a privilege to be able to give her a platform and share some of her last performances - which - no matter how fragile she was off stage - were never anything other than astonishing for their command of the stage, the text, the audience and a testament to her delicious sense of humour and intelligence."
- James Albrecht, artistic director
Actress with an extensive career in theatre and television, gaining cult status for her role as villain Supreme Commander Servalan in the BBC science fiction series Blake's 7.
British director of Bond films You Only Live Twice, The Spy Who Loved Me and Moonraker, and also Educating Rita, Shirley Valentine, Reach for the Sky and Carve Her Name with Pride. Pictured here (r) with Desmond Llewelyn and Roger Moore.
Author of international best-selling book A Year in Provence - he also wrote A Good Year, which became a film starring Russell Crowe.
Best-selling author whose blockbuster novels typically involve strong women, business, romance and family secrets.
One of France's most celebrated chefs, a proponent of "nouvelle cuisine", named joint "chef of the century" by Michelin's rival restaurant guide, the Gault-Millau, in 1989.
One of the leading French chefs of his generation, who held a total of 32 Michelin stars, and was named joint "chef of the century" by Michelin's rival restaurant guide, Gault Millau in 1989.
Chef and television personality who found fame with his best-selling book Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly, a behind-the-scenes exposé of the world of haute cuisine.
Sir VS Naipaul
Author, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2001, whose 1961 novel A House for Mr Biswas is regarded as his seminal work.
Actor best known for playing Martin Crane in the US sitcom Frasier. British-born, he also had a long list of film and TV credits and a distinguished career in theatre.
"I've not known a kinder man nor more brilliant actor. We were all blessed to spend 11 glorious years together."
- Jeff Greenberg, casting director for Frasier
Nightclub owner who was self-made, with a lavish lifestyle and a reputation as a ladies' man. With his string of nightclubs he was known as the King of Clubs. Stringfellow's in London's West End was a magnet for celebrities.
"Think almost unimaginable luxury and sophistication, the finest food, wine and service. Deep dark reds and sumptuous velvet fabrics line the walls, private rooms and booths creating the warmest of atmospheres and an air of opulence. Then, on top of all this, the most beautiful and enchanting girls from all around the world dancing and entertaining you throughout your experience."
- Peter Stringfellow
Swedish business magnate who founded Ikea and pioneered flatpack furniture, his company's designs became popular in part because of their simplicity and value.
Inventor best known for the wind-up radio. He also created hundreds of other devices, including many to help people with disabilities.
John Julius Norwich
Historian, writer and broadcaster with a passion for the arts. A key player in the Venice in Peril appeal, his A History of Venice became a seminal text on the city.
Anne Olivier Bell
Bloomsbury Group member, art historian and only British female member of the Monuments Men, whose WW2 endeavours protected German monuments and returned works of art - seized by the Nazis - to their owners.
Pioneering gardener, who won 10 successive gold medals at the Chelsea Flower Show. She also won the Royal Horticultural Society's highest award, the Victoria Medal.
ANC activist and potent symbol of South Africa's anti-apartheid struggle, she campaigned for black South African rights and the release of her then-husband, Nelson Mandela. Her reputation later became tainted by a fraud conviction and murder accusations, which she denied.
"The years of imprisonment hardened me. I no longer have the emotion of fear. There is no longer anything I can fear. There is nothing the government has not done to me. There isn't any pain I haven't known."
- Winnie Madikizela-Mandela
American Vietnam war hero who became one of the country's best known politicians, representing Arizona in Congress and Senate. A Republican, he established a reputation for challenging his own party leadership. In 2008 he ran for the presidency, losing to Barack Obama.
"Nothing in life is more liberating than to fight for a cause larger than yourself, something that encompasses you but is not defined by your existence alone."
- John McCain
President George HW Bush
The 41st president of the United States of America. He was vice-president to Ronald Reagan and became the first vice-president for more than 150 years to be elected president.
He served in the US Navy in World War Two, made a fortune in the Texas oil industry and represented Texas for the Republicans in the House of Representatives. Appointed US ambassador to the UN by Richard Nixon, and head of the CIA by Gerald Ford.
"Because you run against each other, that doesn't mean you're enemies. Politics doesn't have to be uncivil and nasty."
- George HW Bush
US first lady - only the second woman in US history to be the wife of one president and the mother of another. She was never content to accept a passive role as political wife. A long-time campaigner for social justice, she spoke out against racial segregation and threw her weight behind the drive to eradicate illiteracy in America.
Zimbabwean politician and opposition leader who risked his life to stand up to the authoritarian rule of Robert Mugabe. As prime minister, he found it impossible to achieve meaningful reforms but played a part in paving the way for the overthrow of President Mugabe in 2017.