In Dhaka drainage line, the Superbug has arrived. It’s called colistin resistant E.coli (Superbug). Escherichia coli bacteria normally and harmlessly reside in your gut. E.coli can turn into a killer or become seriously harmful when outbreaks occur through contamination due to consumption, production and improper food handling without washing hands.
During the middle ages, people usually died from very normal bacterial infection. Maybe it’s not too far, when people will die massively only for bacterial attack again because no antibiotic medicines will work. Even the best doctors cannot do anything for those bacteria infected patients then. So, the patients will have to die without any treatment or medications.The only cause behind this situation is that bacteria become resistant and more powerful because of misuse of antibiotic medicine. People often use antibiotics on their own without doctor’s consultation and do not complete the medication course properly. As a result, initially after having the antibiotic medicine for a disease, some bacteria will be killed, it could be 40 to 60 percent of the total. If the patient does not finish the antibiotic course then the rest of the bacteria will remain in the patient’s body. These will grow back again with a stronger power than before. The patient will fall sick again. So, he has to take more powerful antibiotic this time. But if the patient completes the course according to the doctor’s prescription then most of the bacteria will be killed and the patient will be totally free of the disease for that time.
The pharmacies of Bangladesh sell medicine without a prescription of a doctor. As a result, people buy antibiotics and medicines on their own without proper tests to ascertain which type of medication they should take.
Lack of inspection, arbitrary medication, unprofessional and less educated pharmacy workers and specially lack of awareness is responsible for this problem. Here, a clear picture can be seen that, a strong campaign should be conducted by the health department to create awareness in the people and medical practitioners against rampant use of antibiotics. We need dynamic leadership in the health sector to carry out such necessary campaigns in Bangladesh.
Md. Rezwan Abir, Student, East West University