At least 12 private universities have appointed over 50 percent teachers part-time in violation of law to carry out academic activities in the country.
The Private Universities Act 2010 provides that a private university can appoint the maximum one-third of its teachers part-time for a particular course.
Educationists say that quality of higher education is falling significantly as many teachers dodge classes at public universities to take classes at private ones on a part-time basis.
Many private universities are failing to get rid of part-time dependency due to a shortage of senior and experienced academicians in the country, they added.
The crisis has been severe as a large number of private universities have mushroomed in the last couple of years. Now many teachers of public varsities are moonlighting for private ones, they also said.
The private universities defying the law are North South University, Independent University of Bangladesh, Asian University of Bangladesh, State University of Bangladesh, IBAIS University, University of South Asia, East Delta University, North East University Bangladesh, Ishakha International University, Chittagong Independent University, The International University of Scholars and The People’s University.
East Delta University, Vice-Chancellor Prof Muhammad Sikandar Khan told the daily sun that private varsities are dependent on part-timers as there is lack of senior and experienced teachers in the country.
“The number of private universities has increased rapidly and they are dependent on part-timers,” he added.
The VC further said the institution hires part-time teachers from Chittagong University and Chittagong University of Engineering and Technology to operate seven departments due to a shortage of sufficient full-timers.
“There is no doubt that quality of education is decreasing at both public and private varsities,” Khan added.
A draft report by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which will be published within few days, says that 925 of total 1, 279 teachers at North South University are part-timers.
Independent University Bangladesh, a leading private university in the country, has a total of 353 teachers, but 181 of them are part-timers.
There are a total of 272 educationists at Asian University of Bangladesh, but the number of part-timers is 139.
The number of full-time teachers at State University is 117, but the number of part-timers is 127.
University of South Asia has a total of 111 teachers and 77 of them are part-timers.
East Delta University has a total of 90 teachers and 49 of them are part-time teachers.
The International University of Scholars, a newly established institution, has only 24 teachers, but 13 of them are working part-time.
UGC officials said apart from 12 private varsities, many other institutions like East West University, Brac University, Manarat International University, Premier University, South East University, Stamford University and Eastern University are also highly dependent on part-time teachers.
Sources at UGC said the number of part-timers has increased at private universities in 2016 than that of 2015, which is not expectable.
The number of part-time teachers was 4,870 in 2015, but the number increased to 5,108 in 2016.