Update : 2017-04-28 00:00:00
Developing Good Practice In Research
Dr. Mohammad Asaduzzaman Chowdhury

Developing Good 
Practice In Research

There is a popular maxim - “Honesty is the best policy”. The moral strength of a person is his honesty. It increases self-confidence and self-esteem. Well, it is important to stay true to the morale of your honesty in all your activities, even when you are conducting a research. For instance- if you have carried out the experimental and analytical researches to find out the relationship between temperature and newly fabricated hybrid composites or bio materials, the outcomes of the results need to be published in an internationally refereed journal. During preparation of the research article, you should be honest. One may ask, “what does it mean to be honest while writing an article?” There is a term “Publication ethics”. The main theme of publication ethics is to follow the ethical standards for confirming high-quality scientific publications, public should have the confidence and faith in scientific findings, and that people receive appreciation for their creative ideas. The another point of publication ethics is “Plagiarism”. Plagiarism is the tendency to use words, language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions of others neglecting the credibility of those researchers. If you ignore the concept of plagiarism at the time of writing an article, you can be blamed as a thief for stealing intellectual property of others. This serious ethical offense of the researchers is regarded as academic dishonesty. The punishment due to this academic dishonesty can be ranging from a letter of reprimand to expulsion. For example- An Arizona State University professor who had been accused of plagiarism was forced to resign from his position. Professor Matthew of Arizona State University was accused of having plagiarized some parts of his book. An ASU-commissioned investigation found plagiarism in his book, "Peace Be Still: Modern Black America From World War II to Barack Obama." Later on he was demoted from the position of full professor to associate professor. The researchers of Bangladesh should know about the concept of plagiarism, otherwise it may bring serious negative consequences to their life and career. In this context, before submitting your article in the international refereed journals, you should cross check the issue of “plagiarism” using different software such as Plagium, Turnitin, Dupli Checker, iThenticate, Plagiarism Checker, Plagiarismdetect and Plagiarisma.net. It can guide you to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. If you check before, you can protect yourself from unknown academic offense and dishonesty. Another important point to consider is “Duplicate Submission”. The concept can be explained in these ways: suppose you have submitted your own previously published article in another high quality journal or at the same time you have submitted similar article in different reputed journals- this can be mentioned as an unethical approach. Another important thing is “Citation Manipulation”. According to Hindawi publication ethics it has been mentioned as “submitted manuscripts that are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal, will incur citation manipulation sanctions”. Well, a research can be classified as basic and applied research. The data or analysis of both researches should be original and authentic.   But suppose a researcher is misguided to generate false data for publication of his article, this psychology can be treated as the offense of “Data Fabrication and Falsification”. The manner is considered as unethical, illegal and dishonest. Illegal in this sense, suppose a researcher has written a false paper on structural design of multi-stored building, someone has designed the multi-stored building according to this article. Because of faulty structure an accident may occur and lots of people may die owing to false data (Data Fabrication and Falsification). Recently the trends of these illegal approaches have increased due to imbalanced competition in the research world. Many are also punished for these offences. For example- a report has exposed that “a former high-ranking researcher at the University of Kentucky has been penalized by federal investigators in a scientific misconduct case that spanned a decade and included allegations that he falsified data in at least 10 papers and numerous grant applications”. Finally, a researcher must consider the factors of “Improper Author Contribution or Attribution”, “Redundant Publications” and “Conflicts of Interest”. However researchers of the world should follow the ethical approaches for their researches and contributions. If we want to do something by our innovations, it is important to be creative and carry out research work honestly.  (The writer is a Professor, Dhaka University of Engineering and Technology.)